Vence was founded by the Ligurian before becoming a Roman city (remains of columns provided by the city of Marseilles to the 3rd century).
Vence was then an important medieval city in the 12th century (the city is a rare nowadays to have preserved its ramparts). The city had at this time three doors, the Gate of Peyra, the Gate of Signadour and the Gate of Drawbridge. Of this period, you can visit the castle of Villeneuve (17th century) next to the guard tower (12th century), the former bishop and the сathedral (4th and 12th century).
In the 19th century, residents of Vence lived mainly due to the vine and olive agriculture. The city has developed with tourism in the 20th century and has attracted great painters like Matisse, Chagall, Dufy, Soutine and Arman. Matisse has decorated the Chapelle du Rosaire, a masterpiece of sacred art. The cathedral houses a mosaic by Marc Chagall “Moses rescued from the Nile”.
Nowadays, Vence offers to tourists a great visit of its streets full of history. Every summer, the world music festival “Nuits du Sud”, which was created in 1997, attracts 45,000 spectators in the city center.
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